Mustafa Akıncı was born on December 28, 1947 in Limassol. He graduated from the Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, in 1973 and then moved to Nicosia.
Two years later, he was elected to the Constituent Assembly of Turkish Cypriots.
At the age of 28, he was the first elected Mayor of the Nicosia Turkish Municipality, and served for an uninterrupted term of 14 years from 1976 to 1990.
During his time as mayor, he collaborated with the then Nicosia Greek Cypriot mayor on the implementation of the Nicosia Sewerage Project and the Nicosia Master Plan.
In 1983, Akıncı played a leading role in the establishment of the Union of Turkish Cypriot Municipalities and became its first President.
Between 1987 and 2001 he served as the Leader of the Communal Liberation Party (TKP), becoming a member of the Turkish Cypriot Assembly in 1993. He served as an MP until 2009, when he became Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Tourism
As a one of its founding members, Akıncı became the leader of the Peace and Democracy Movement (BDH) in 2003, which was founded during the Annan Plan period. He handed over the leadership of BDH with the establishment of the Social Democratic Party (TDP).
Akıncı, who speaks fluent English, has delivered keynote speeches on Cyprus at internationally renowned academic platforms such as Oxford University, Harvard University and Yale University, as well as international forums such as Chatham House, The Royal Institute of International Affairs.
In 2010, he published his first book ‘Belediye Başkanlığı’nda 14 Yıl’ (14 Years as Mayor).
He is married to Meral, who is a respected psychologist and one of the first to practice professionally in North Cyprus. They have three daughters and two grandchildren.